Advokat & Konsultasi Hukum

Tax Shield: Definition, Formula & Examples

The Interest Payments are typically tax-deductible, which lowers the Company’s tax bill. As a cost of borrowing, the borrower must make Interest payments for the benefit of borrowing. As you can see, the Taxes paid in the early years are far lower with the Accelerated Depreciation approach (vs. Straight-Line).

what is the tax shield

Right now, the store can keep up with local demand, but Kelsey’s social media presence has massively increased the amount of online orders. A tax shield is a legal way to reduce your tax liability through various means, including charitable donations, a mortgage, and depreciation. A mortgage is a classic tax shield for both individuals and businesses. Note that it's not the amount of the mortgage payment that's deductible; it's the interest expense. But since the WACC already factors this in, the calculation of unlevered free cash flow does NOT account for these tax savings – otherwise, you’d be double-counting the benefit.


The intuition here is that the company has an $800,000 reduction in taxable income since the interest expense is deductible. This arbitrage-free value is different from the discounted value of Fernandez . The different approaches that can be used to de-lever and re-lever betas start from the same principle—that a firm’s value is equal to the present value of its cash flows.

A tax shield is the reduction in tax that results from taking an allowable deductions such as debt interest, charitable donations, amortization and depreciation etc., from taxable income. Interest on debt is a tax-deductible expense taking on debt creates a tax shield. Since a tax shield is a way to save cash flows, it increases the value of the business, and it is an important aspect of business valuation. Tax shields vary from country to country, and their benefits will depend on the taxpayer's overall tax rate and cash flows for the given tax year. It is found that the debt tax shield and corporate capital structure are significantly positive. Relatedly, the non-debt tax shield is significantly negatively related to the corporate capital structure.

Medical Costs

The interest tax shield has to do with the tax savings you can receive from deducting various interest expenses on debt. The payment of the interest expense is going to ultimately lower the taxable income and the total amount of taxes that are what is the tax shield actually due. Accelerated depreciation is a method of depreciation that allows companies to depreciate capital assets faster early in their useful life resulting in greater depreciation expenses in the first few years and lower later on.

what is the tax shield

Among them, the deduction effect of debt interest is called the debt tax shield. Deangelo & Masulis [3] introduced a non-debt tax shield on the basis of the Miller [4] model, and argued that the tax relief of non-debt tax shields has a crowding effect on the tax deduction effect of interest. A tax shield is an estimate of the reduction in taxable income that results from the use of specific tax-deductible expenses. The most common tax shields are interest expenses on debt, depreciation expenses on capital assets, and operating losses. In financial modeling, it is important to include the tax shields in the calculations of the company's free cash flow and net income. This will ensure that the company's true profitability is accurately reflected in the financial statements.

Benefits of tax shields

Because the debt interest tax deduction can bring the debt tax shield effect, but the strict limitation of the interest tax deduction weakens the debt tax shield effect. From the current domestic and foreign related research, foreign research focuses on the macro level, and basically does not involve industry classification analysis; domestic research also has few industry classifications. However, in reality, different industries have different deduction methods such as actual tax rates, depreciation and other non-debt forms, and different industries have different income tax incentives. Therefore, this article conducts a classification study for different industries to better analyze the tax shield effect. The chapter deals with the analysis and classification of selected approaches to the quantification of tax shields.

  • Similar to the tax shield offered in compensation for medical expenses, charitable giving can also lower a taxpayer’s obligations.
  • Instead, income passes through to the owners and is taxed at their personal tax rate.
  • Amortization is like depreciation for intangible assets, such as expensive software programs or the expenses to get a patent approved.
  • Tax shields vary from country to country, and their benefits depend on the taxpayer's overall tax rate and cash flows for the given tax year.
  • Interest on debt is a tax-deductible expense taking on debt creates a tax shield.
  • There are cases where income can be lowered for a certain year due to previously unclaimed tax losses from prior years.

Tinggalkan Balasan

Alamat email Anda tidak akan dipublikasikan.

EnglishIndonesianKoreanJapaneseRussianChinese (Simplified)